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Scales - All Sorts


This is just a short illustration of normal western scales but also a collection of ethnic scales, even quarter tone scales.
While the use of quarter tone scales in Western music is a more recent and experimental phenomenon, these and other
microtonal intervals have been an important part of the music of the Arab world, Turkey, Iran, Assyria, Kurdistan
and neighboring countries and areas for many centuries. Usually this quarter tone oriental music scales can only be played on
fretless string instruments, like violin, cello or any instrument without fixed cromatic intervals

1. Aeolian


The Aeolian mode id the 6th mode of the major musical scale. It is commonly referred to as natural minor, the relative minor musical scale of the major musical scale. It's a Greek musical scale which entered into the western minor/major system.
2. Ake Bono


Ake Bono is a traditional five-note Japanese musical scale. In a Western context, it can be thought of as a pentatonic version of the Aeolian mode.
3. Banshiki - Cho


It is a traditional five note Japanese musical scale. In Western context, it can be thought of as a pentatonic version of the Dorian mode with an added #5
4. Bayati


Arabian musical scale with a lowered E (quarter tone), similar to the Phrygian mode.
5. Dorian


The Dorian mode is the 2nd mode of the major musical scale.
6. Harmonic minor


The augmented 2nd (b6-7) gives this musical scale its characteristic sound. The lowered 6th tone is the leading tone.
7. Hitzaz

Arabian musical scale, in a western context a Phrygian major musical scale or the 5th mode of the harmonic minor musical scale.
8. Hitzazkiar - Persian musical scale

This Arabian and Persian musical scale can be found also in Indian music. Bhairon is an Indian raga. In a Western context, it resembles a harmonic minor with Bb altered tension.
9. Hungarian Major

Hungarian major is an interesting colorful seven-note musical scale, which is a similar to the Locrian musical scale (7th mode of the major musical scale).
10. Huzam

A Greek musical scale, which is often used in a Greek folk music.

11. Ionian

This is the major musical scale in Western music.

12. Kokin -Choshi

A traditional five-note Japanese musical scale. Can be applied to a Phrygian sound in a Western context.
13.Kourd - Atar / Todi

An seven note Arabian and Indian musical scale
(raga) which can be played well in a minor pentatonic blues context.
14. Lydian

The 4th mode of the major musical scale (Ionian mode). Tense, aggressive and expansive character.
15. Minor Penta

A relative minor of the major pentatonic musical scale. It is built on the 5th degree of the major pentatonic musical scale. Much of the music of West Africa is based on this very pure melodic musical scale.
16. Neveseri

Greek musical scale, used in Greek folk music.
17. Niavent - Egyptian

This Greek musical scale is also called the Egyptian musical scale, a musical scale which reassembles the harmonic minor musical scale. The nalme comes from its unique north African sound.
18. Nirz Rast

Arabian musical scale, the 3rd and 6th tones are lowered (quarter tone) It resembles an Aeolian musical scale.
19. Pentatonic C

The Major pentatonic musical scale is a five-note musical scale that does not contain a tritone or half step. This gives the musical scale a neutral, non-dissonant quality that lends it to a natural, melodic quality.
20. Pentatonic F

This is a five-note musical scale with the typical color of the Chinese music. This musical scale starts on the 4th degree of the musical scale.
21. Pelog

Pelog is Javanese seven-note musical scale. This musical scale can be found in Gamelan orchestras.
22. Purvi

Purvi is a six-note Indian musical scale (raga), which resembles a Jazz minor musical scale
23. Pygmy

The Dorian Pentatonic musical scale is a five note version of the Dorian mode. It is also known as the Pygmy musical scale from Rwanda
24. Rast

An Arabian musical scale, which is used around the Mediterranean. The 3rd and 7th are lowered a quarter tone.
25. Rumanikos

A Greek musical scale which resembles the musical scale used by the Roma people.
26. Sabah

A Greek musical scale which we find also in Arabian culture (Saba), similar to the Niavent musical scale
27. Sadjagrama

One of the two old Indian musical scales which show minor and a major characteristics. This musical scale is tuned on the basis of the Indian interval system (22 shrutis, or notes, give one octave)
28. Segiah

A Greek musical scale with melodic minor characters.
29. Sho

Sho is a traditional six note Japanese musical scale, resembling the Dorian mode.
30.Slendro

Slendro is a traditional Javanese five-note musical scale. This tempered musical scale is an original one with extended octaves and equidistant pentatonics.